Induction of long-term potentiation and depression phenomena in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cortical neurons.
A. Odawara, H. Katoh, N. Matsuda, I. Suzuki
Volume 469, Issue 4, 22 January 2016, Pages 856–862
•HFS induced LTP and LTD phenomena in hiPSC-derived cortical neurons.
•Spike patterns were generated or disappeared in induction of plasticity.
•hiPSC-derived neurons express the spike pattern with a precise timing change.
•HFS induced L-LTP-like plasticity and the change of synchronized burst firing.
•MEA system is beneficial for clarifying the function of hiPSC-derived neurons.
Plasticity such as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term potentiation depression (LTD) in neuronal networks has been analyzed using in vitro and in vivo techniques in simple animals to understand learning, memory, and development in brain function. Human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived neurons may be effectively used for understanding the plasticity mechanism in human neuronal networks, thereby elucidating disease mechanisms and drug discoveries. In this study, we attempted the induction of LTP and LTD phenomena in a cultured hiPSC-derived cerebral cortical neuronal network using multi-electrode array (MEA) systems. High-frequency stimulation (HFS) produced a potentiated and depressed transmission in a neuronal circuit for 1 h in the evoked responses by test stimulus. The cross-correlation of responses revealed that spike patterns with specific timing were generated during LTP induction and disappeared during LTD induction and that the hiPSC-derived cortical neuronal network has the potential to repeatedly express the spike pattern with a precise timing change within 0.5 ms. We also detected the phenomenon for late-phase LTP (L-LTP) like plasticity and the effects for synchronized burst firing (SBF) in spontaneous firings by HFS. In conclusion, we detected the LTP and LTD phenomena in a hiPSC-derived neuronal network as the change of spike pattern. The studies of plasticity using hiPSC-derived neurons and a MEA system may be beneficial for clarifying the functions of human neuronal circuits and for applying to drug screening.